Sanitation can be defined as hygienic measures taken to maintain public health, which includes safe disposal of humanwastes, waste water and solid wastes, control of vectors of diseases, domestic, personal and food hygiene.
Poor sanitation impacts the well – being of people in several ways:
Key causes of diarrhoeal diseases, which in developing countries, take a heavy toll of lives, especially children’s lives.
Most of the diseases that result in diarrhoea are spread by pathogens found in human excreta. These pathogens canenter the mouth through a number of routes
Human dignity can be heavily influenced by poor sanitation, like privacy, safety, and aesthetic matters.
Improperly disposed human waste is a major polluter of rivers and aquifers. This depletes waters of oxygen that is needed to sustain aquatic life. Investment in sanitation can dramatically improve the quality of water bodies.
Economical losses are caused by poor sanitation, as health care claims increase due to the caused diseases, and tourism suffers in some regions.
In safe sanitation, FINISH defines this as toilets, safe collection, transport and disposal / reuse of human wastes, personal hygiene and use of safe water. FINISH focuses on the human waste aspects or sanitation systems.